AILET 2011 Question Paper


Time: 1 hour 30 minutes                                                 Total Marks: 150




Read the passage and answer the questions following it. The questions are to be answered on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage. For some of the questions, more than one of the choices could conceivably answer the question. However, you are to choose the best answer; that is, the response that most accurately and completely answers the questions.

Roger Rosenblatt’s book ‘Black Fiction’, manages to alter the approach taken in many previous studies by making an attempt to apply literary rather than socio-political criteria to its subject. Rosenblatt points out that criticism of Black writing has very often served as a pretext for an expounding on Black history. The recent work of Addison Gayle’s passes a judgment on the value of Black fiction by clear political standards, rating each work according to the ideas of Black identity, which it propounds. Though fiction results from political circumstances, its author reacts not in ideological ways to those circumstances, and talking about novels and stories primarily as instruments of ideology circumvents much of the fictional enterprise. Affinities and connections are revealed in the works of Black fiction in Rosenblatt’s literary analysis; these affinities and connections have been overlooked and ignored by solely political studies. The writing of acceptable criticism of Black fiction, however, presumes giving satisfactory answers to quite a few questions. The most important of all, is there a sufficient reason, apart from the racial identity of the authors, for the grouping together of Black authors? Secondly, what is the distinction of Black fiction from other modem fiction with which it is largely contemporaneous? In the work Rosenblatt demonstrates that Black fiction is a distinct body of writing, which has an identifiable, coherent literary tradition. He highlights recurring concerns and designs, which are independent of chronology in Black fiction written over the past eighty years. These concerns and designs are thematic, and they come from the central fact of the predominant white culture, where the Black characters in the novel are situated irrespective of whether they attempt to conform to that culture or they rebel against it.

Rosenblatt’s work does leave certain aesthetic questions open. His thematic analysis allows considerable objectivity; he even clearly states that he does not intend to judge the merit of the various works yet his reluctance seems misplaced, especially since an attempt to appraise might have led to interesting results. For example, certain novels have an appearance of structural diffusion. Is this a defeat, or are the authors working out of, or attempting to forge, a different kind of aesthetic? Apart from this, the style of certain Black novels, like Jean Toomer’s Cane, verges on expressionism or surrealism; does this technique provide a counterpoint to the prevalent theme that portrays the fate against which Black heroes are pitted, a theme usually conveyed by more naturalistic modes of expressions?

Irrespective of such omissions, what Rosenblatt talks about in his work makes for an astute and worthwhile study. His book very effectively surveys a variety of novels, highlighting certain fascinating and little- known works like James Weldon Johnson’s Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man. Black Fiction is tightly constructed, arid levelheaded and penetrating criticism is exemplified in its forthright and lucid style.


Answer the following questions indicating your response for each question:


1.    The author of the passage raises an objection to criticism of Black fiction   like that by Addison ‘Gayle as it

        a) Highlights only the purely literary aspects of such work

        b) Misconceive the ideological content of such fiction

        c) Miscalculate the notions of Black identity presented in such fiction

        d) Replaces political for literary criteria in evaluating such fiction.


2.    The primary concern of the author in the above passage is

       a) Reviewing the validity of a work of criticism

       b) Comparing various critical approaches to a subject

       c) Talking of the limitations of a particular kind of criticism

       d) Recapitulation of the major points in a work of criticism.


3.    The author is of the opinion that Black Fiction would have been       improved had Rosenblatt

        a) Undertaken a more careful evaluation of the ideological and historical     aspects of Black Fiction

        b) Been more objective in his approach to novels and stories by Black                   authors

        c) Attempted a more detailed exploration of the recurring themes in             Black Fiction throughout its history

        d) Calculated the relative literary merit of the novels he analyzed                        thematically.


4.    Rosenblatt’s discussion of Black Fiction is

       a) Pedantic and contentious

       b) Critical but admiring

       c) Ironic and deprecating

       d) Argumentative but unfocused.


5.    According to the given passage the author would be LEAST likely to        approve of which among the following?

        a) Analyzing the influence of political events on the personal ideology of            Black writers

        b) Attempting a critical study which applies sociopolitical criteria to the         autobiographies of Black authors

        c) A literary study of Black poetry that appraises the merits of poems                  according to the political acceptability of their themes

        d) Studying the growth of a distinct Black literary tradition within the             context of Black history.


6.    From the following options, which does the author not make use of while   discussing Black Fiction?

        a) Rhetorical questions

        b) Specific examples

        c) Comparison and contrast

        d) Definition of terms.


Each of the following sentences contain four parts, marked a, b, c and d. One of these parts is incorrect. Indicate the letter of the incorrect part.


7.    The Baby showed a noticeable (a)/ distaste for (b)/ these kinds (c)/ of   prepared baby food (d).


8.    They cannot go camping right now (a)/ because (b)/ they are taking        care of (c)/ a three-weeks-old baby (d).


9.    If it (a)/ will rain (b)/ this afternoon, we will have (c)/ to cancel the    picnic (d).


10.  Are (a)/ you familiar of (b)/ the latest (c)/ scientific developments in      the field (d)?


Directions: In the following questions, some of the sentences have errors and some have none. Find out which part of the sentence has an error.


11.   Men are apt to (a)/ pick up holes (b)/ in the views of those whom they     do not like, (c)/ No error (d).


12.   The myth that some races (a)/ are naturally superior than others (b)/      has now been fully demolished (c)/ No error (d).

13.   The steep rise in the price of petroleum products (a)/ have affected (b)/   the economic development of the developing nations, (c)/ No error (d)


14. Kiran as well as Kamal (a)/ are leaving (b)/ for Mumbai, (c)/ No error (d)


15.   Much water (a)/ has flown (b)/ under the bridge since then, (c)/ No error (d)


16.   Everyone of the men present here (a)/ has given a day’s pay (b)/ as     their contribution to the fund, (c)/ No error (d).


17.   Found guilty (a)/ on murder (b)/ the accused was sentenced to death,        (c)/ No error (d)


Complete the sentences with suitable words indicating your option for each question


18.  I saw…………movie last night.

      a) the

      b) a

      c) an

      d) one.


19.   The RBI in consultation with Government of India has…….working group     to suggest measures for revival of weak public sector banks.

        a) appointed

        b) constituted

        c) devolved

        d) none of these.


20.   He stepped out and began to walk

        a) behind

        b) around

        c) besides

        d) none of these.


21.   The lady received quick promotions when they saw how…..she was.

        a) lethargic

        b) hostile

        c) correct

     d) hard working.


22.  The shower in the bathroom needs mending as it has started

        a) trickling

        b) soaking

        c) dripping

        d) overflowing.


23.  The person who is looking for sympathy talks

        a) petulantly

        b) despicably

        c) plaintively

        d) deftly.


24.  The very nature of society is inimical…..freedom.

        a) of

        b) to

        c) with

        d) on.


25.  Wilbur Wright flew his airplane……France in 1909.

        a) on

        b) upon

        c) until

        d) over.


Directions (Qs. 26-35): Fill in the blanks.


If you look very closely at a newspaper photograph you will see that the grey areas are made up of black dots of various sizes. The lighter the shades of grey, the smaller the dots. In……..(26)…….area the dots are larger. The process by which this………(27)… achieved is called half-tone screening. First of all a negative……..(28)…… made of the picture. That is, the light and dark areas are……(29)… that white becomes….(30) ……and black becomes white. This picture is projected…….(31)…..a special screen. The screen is made of glass and has lines….. (32)……on it both vertically and horizontally. So the screen is divided up….. (33) ….. tiny squares rather like graph paper. When the light….. (34)……the negative is shone through this….. (35)……it is broken up into dots. This light lands on a metal plate that is coated with chemicals.



   a) Smaller

   b) Darker

   c) Lighter

   d) small.


   a) Effect

   b) Colour

   c) Tone

   d) affect.



   a) Photograph

   b) Print

   c) Copy

   d) paint.



   a) Reversed

   b) Removed

   c) Coloured

   d) Darkened.



   a) Dark

   b) Dotted

   c) Black

   d) White.



   a) Into

   b) Above

   c) Through

   d) On.


   a) Ruled

   b) Cut

   c) Reflected

   d) Deflected.



   a) From

   b) Into

   c) Like

   d) in.



   a) From

   b) Of

   c) On

   d) at.



   a) graph paper

   b) framework

   c) screen

   d) paper.




36.  The world’s largest nuclear power station is

        a) Chernobyl

        b) Kashiwazki-Kariwa

        c) Fukushima-Daiichi

        d) Kalpakkam.


37.  The First International Women’ > Day was celebrated on

        a) 17-3-1911

        b) 8-3-1911

        c) 18-3-1911

        d) 9-3-1911.


38.   The nature and extent of nuclear accident in power plants is indicated    as International Nuclear and Radiological Event (INRE) and quantified in    terms of the highest as

        a) Level 10 Accident

        b) Level 12 Accident

        c) Level 7 Accident

        d) Level 6 Accident.


39.   The Minority Affairs Minister of Pakistan who was assassinated in March,    2011

        a) Salman Taseer

        b) Nawaaz Paintal

        c) Shahbaz Batti

        d) None.


40.  The present Central Chief Information Commissioner is

        a) Wajhat HabibuIIah

        b) Satyananda Mishra

        c) M.L. Sharma

        d) Sushma Singh.

41.  The country that gets highest percentage of electricity from nuclear    power stations is

        a) USA.

        b) Japan

        c) China

        d) France.


42.  The present Chief Election Commissioner of India is

        a) S.Y. Quraishi

        b) H.S. Brahma

        c) V.S. Sampath

        d) Navin Chawla.


43.  Which of the following Chief Justices of India also became the Vice-     President of India?

        a) Patanjali Sastri

        b) Hidayatullah

        c) Sikri

        d) None.


44.   India’s Foreign Exchange Reserve has become the largest in the world.

        (Question Modified)

        a) Eighth

        b) Twelfth

        c) Ninth

        d) Eleventh.


45.   The first ever woman Secretary-General of SAARC, Ms.Fathimath   Dhiyana Saeed is from

        a) Pakistan

        b) Bangladesh

        c) India

        d) Maldives.


46.  Air-conditioning was invented by

        a) Carrier

        b) Voltas

        c) A.Volta

        d) Sinclair.


47.  Motorcycle was invented by

        a) Davidson

        b) G. Daimler

        c) Benz

        d) MacMillan.


48.  Which of the following has the largest territory?

        a) U.S.A.

        b) Brazil

        c) Canada

        d) China.


49.  The country that recently joined the South Asian Association for         Regional Co¬operation was

        a) Myanmar

        b) Iran

        c) Iraq

        d) Afghanistan.

50.  According to the survey conducted in India during 2001-2003, the       highest percentage of deaths were due to

        a) Cancer

        b) Heart diseases

        c) Asthma

        d) HIV-AIDS.


51.  The 123 Agreement was entered into between

        a) Canada and India

        b) France and India

        c) USA and India

        d) China and India.


52.  The largest State in India in terms of territoiy is

        a) Uttar Pradesh

        b) Madhya Pradesh

        c) Maharashtra

        d) Rajasthan.


53.  The first judge who was soughi to be impeached under the Constitution     was

        a) Justice V. Ramaswami

        b) Justice Dinakaran

        c) Justice Sen

        d) None.


54.  The State having the maximum number of seats in Rajya Sabha is

        a) Maharashtra

        b) Uttar Pradesh

        c) Tamil Nadu

        d) Andhra Pradesh.


55.  Rajya Sabha members are elected for a period of

        a) 5 years

        b) 4 years

        c) 2 years

        d) 6 years.


56.  The Supreme Court recently declared the appointment non-est of

        a) Navin Chawla

        b) S.C. Mishra

        c) P.J. Thomas

        d) Both (b) and (c).


57.  The maximum number of nominated members to Lok Sabha is

        a) One

        b) Two

        c) Three

        d) No one can be nominated.


58.  The special reservation of 4% in favour of Muslims was struck «down as       unconstitutional by

        a) High Court of Madras

        b) High Court of Andhra Pradesh

        c) High Court of Delhi

        d) High Court of Kerala.


59.  The Year Book of Industrial Statistics, 2010 released by the UN        Industrial Development Organization ranks India among

        a) Top 12 countries

        b) Top 15 countries

        c) Top 4 countries

        d) Top 10 countries.


60.  The European Union member States decided to temporarily withdraw the        preferential tariff benefits from August 2010 on the ground that there    are significant shortcomings in the implementation of three UN Human       Rights Conventions in

        a) Sri Lanka

        b) India

        c) Pakistan

        d) Nepal.


61.  The Eleventh South Asian Games were held in

        a) Kathmandu, Nepal

        b) Hyderabad, India

        c) Dhaka, Bangladesh

        d) Colombo, Sri Lanka.


62.  Dr. Jean Mayer Award for Global Citizenship by the Tufts University,      USA, was awarded in 2010 to

        a) Justice Verma

        b) Narayana Murthy

        c) M.C. Mehta

        d) Sanjoy Hazarika.


63.  The constitutional advisor to the Constituent Assembly was

        a) Rajendra Prasad

        b) B.N. Rau

        c) B.R. Ambedkar

        d) Kamat.


64.  Census takes place in India

        a) every 20 years

        b) every 10 years

        c) every 15 years

        d) every 5 years.


65.  INTERPOL, a 190-nation Police Commission, has its Headquarters at      (Question Modified)

        a) Paris

        b) Lyons

        c) London

        d) Frankfurt.


66.  Red Cross is an international society for relief of suffering in the time of    war or disaster which has headquarters at Geneva was founded in 1863        on the advocacy of

        a) Herbert Spencer

        b) J.H. Dunant

        c) W.H. Morgan

        d) C.A. Bamord.


67.  The Maastrich Treaty is for

        a) Nuclear weapons free world

        b) Chemical weapons free world

        c) Biological weapons free world

        d) Common European Union.


68.  Who among the following was the Chairman of Sixth Pay Commission ?

        a) Justice Rathnaval Pandian

        b) Justice Venkatachalliah

        c) Justice A.K. Majumdar

        d) Justice B.N. Srikrishna.


69.  Kyoto Protocol which was replaced by Cancun in December, 2010 relates to

        a) Climate

        b) Water

        c) Air

        d) Soil.


70.  Which of the following mountains has oldest rocks in India?

        a) Aravallis

        b) Himalayas

        c) Sivaliks

        d) None.



71. PRINCIPLE: A master shall be responsible for the wrongful acts of his servants in the course of his employment.


FACTS: The Syndicate Bank was running a small savings scheme under which its authorised agents would go round and collect small savings from several’people on daily basis. These agents would get commission, on the deposits so collected. Ananth was one such agent, collecting deposits from factory workers engaged on daily wages. Though he regularly carried on his business for sometime, slowly he started appropriating deposits for his personal use and one day he just disappeared. One Fatima, who had been handing over her savings to him found that nearly for a month before his disappearance, he was not depositing her savings at all. The Bank, when approached, took the stand that Ananth was not its regular and paid employee and, therefore, it was not responsible for his misconduct. She files a suit against the Bank.


a)   The Bank is not liable, since Ananth was not its salaried employee

b)   The Bank is liable, since Ananth was projected as its employee

c)   The Bank is not liable, since it did not know about misappropriation by        Ananth

d)   None of the above.


72. PRINCIPLE: When the parties to an agreement agree on the same thing in the same sense, there arises legally binding obligations between them.


FACTS: Zaverilal’s antique shop was a well-known shop of the locality. Taradevi, a socialite of the locality, went to the shop and she was attracted by an earthern jar on display. Zaverilal explained to her that the jar belonged to Hoysala period; and despite its earthern composition, it was very strong and almost unbreakable. Taradevi replied to him that she was so captivated by the jar that it was immaterial to her as to which period it belonged. She bought the jar and came home. She placed the jar in a prominent place in her drawing room. One of her friends, an art critique, who happened to visit her, told her that the jar was not at all an Antique, but Taradevi did not bother about it. One day, it accidentally fell down and broke into pieces. Taradevi took up the matter with Zaverilal that his both statements were wrong and, therefore, he should pay damages to her.


a)    Zaverilal must compensate her, since his both the statements      concerning jar were wrong

b)    Zaverilal need not compensate, since, Taradevi was not concerned with its antique value at all

c)    Zaverilal must compensate, because he carelessly made the statements

d)    None of the above.


73. PRINCIPLE: Interfering with another’s goods in such a way as to deny the tatter’s title to the goods amounts to conversion and it is a civil wrong.


FACTS: Ram went to the bicycle stand to park his bicycle and he found the stand fully occupied. Ram removed a few bicycles in order to rearrange the stand and make some space for his bicycle. He parked his bicycle properly and put back all the bicycles except the one belonging to Shyam. It was rather negligent on the part of Ram and he was in fact in a hurry to get into his office. Somebody came on the way and took away Shyam’s cycle. The watchman of the stand did not take care of it assuming that the cycle was not parked inside the stand. Shyam filed a suit against Ram for conversion.


a)    Shyam would succeed because Ram’s act led to the stealing of his bicycle

b)    Shyam would not succeed, because Ram did not take away the bicycle      himself

c)    Ram would not be held responsible for the negligence of the watchman

d)    None of the above.


74. PRINCIPLE: Damages are payable for breach of contract and the purpose of damages is to compensate him for the loss suffered and not to improve his position more than what it would have been if the contract had been duly performed.


FACTS: A wanted to buy a house and he contracted with a surveyor S to inspect a particular house and value it for him. S surveyed the house and valued it for Rs. 10 lakhs. S, however, failed to notice the defective plumbing system in the house and had he taken note of it, the house would have been worth only Rs. 8 lakhs. A followed S’s advice and bought the house for Rs. 8 lakhs and thereafter spent Rs. 4 lakhs for repairing the plumbing system. He filed a suit against S claiming Rs. 4 lakhs as damages.


a)    A should get Rs. 4 lakhs, because that was the amount that he had to    spend finally to make the house worth living

b)    A should get Rs. 2 lakhs, since he paid additional Rs. 2 lakhs on account of S’s negligence

c)    A should get Rs. 4 lakhs, since that loss was attributable to S’s    negligence

d)    None of the above.


75. PRINCIPLE: A right of action cannot arise out of an illegal activity.


FACTS: A and B were thieves engaged in stealing cars and other vehicles. Once they stole a car; and while driving off, they had to cross a city. They engaged a driver to drive them through the city, since they did not know the route inside. The indicator lamp of the car was not working and the thieves had not realised this and therefore, had not told about it to the driver. While driving, through the city, the car was hit by another vehicle because of the faulty indicator. In the accident, the driver was injured and he filed a suit against A and B.


a)    The driver would lose, because he was driving a stolen car

b)    The driver would win, because he was not a party to the stealing

c)    The driver would win, because he did not know anything about the stealing

d)    None of the above.


76. PRINCIPLE: Law does not take notice of trifles.


FACTS: A proposes to his neighbour B that they both should go together for a morning walk. B agrees to the proposal and it is decided that both of them would meet at a particular point at 6 A.M. from where they would set off for the morning walk. Inspite of the agreement, B does not turn up. A waits for him at 6 A.M. every day for a continuous period of seven days. Thereafter he files a suit against B claiming damages for the agony and mental torture suffered by him.


a)  B is guilty of breach of contract and is liable to pay damages

b)  There is no intention to enter into legal relations

c)  The matter is too small and the court will refuse to go into it

d)  None of the above.


77. PRINCIPLE: Limitation bars the remedy, not the right.

FACTS: After the expiry of the period of limitation of three years, debtor Rohan makes a part payment of debt to creditor Sohan. Sohan then files a suit against Rohan for recovery of the debt after two years from the date of part payment. DECIDE


a)    The part payment extends the period of limitation

b)    The suit is time-barred as part payment is made after the expiry of    period of limitation

c)    Fresh period of limitation begins from the date of part payment

d)    None of the above.


78. PRINCIPLE: Ignorance of law is no excuse.


FACTS: A fails to file his income-tax returns for ten years. The Income-tax department issues to him notice to show cause why proceedings should not be initiated against him for the recovery of the income-tax due from him with interest and penalty.


a)    He may take the plea that his advocate had advised him not to file the    return as his income was not taxable

b)    He may request the department to waive the interest and penalty

c)    A must pay the tax due as ignorance of law cannot be ground of defence

d)    None of the above.


79. PRINCIPLE: Nobody shall make use of his property in such a way as to cause damage to others. Any such use constitutes private nuisance, a wrongful act under Law of Torts.


FACTS: Vasan was owing a house, adjacent to a cluster of houses, owned by Varadan. Varadan was leasing out these houses whereas Vasan was living in his house. When Vasan was transferred to another place, he leased out his house to a person suffering from AIDS. Fearing the spread of AIDS, the tenants moved out of Varadan’s houses. Varadan requested Vasan to evict AIDS patient and he offered to fix a suitable tenant for Vasan’s house, if the AIDS patient is evicted. But Vasan refused by arguing that AIDS would not spread as feared by Varadan’s tenants. Varadan filed a suit against Vasan.


a)    Varadan will win, because Vasan knowingly caused him financial    damage

b)    Varadan will not win, because Vasan could lease his house to whomever he wanted

c)    Varadan will not win, because Vasan should not be held responsible for public mis-perception

d)    None of the above.


80. PRINCIPLE: One has to compensate another for the injury caused due to his wrongful act. The liability to compensate is reduced to the extent the latter has contributed to the injury through his own negligence. This is the underlying principle of contributory negligence.


FACTS: Veerappa owns a farm at a distance of half a furlong from the railway track. He stored in his land the stacks of dried up straw after the cultivation as is normal in farming. One day when the train was passing through the track, the driver was negligently operating the locomotive by allowing it to emit large quantities of spark. The high wind, normal in open fields, carried the sparks to the stacks stored by Veerappa and the stacks caught fire thereby causing extensive damage. Veerappa filed a suit against the Railways claiming damages. The Railways while acknowledging liability alleged contributory negligence on the part of Veerappa.


a)    Veerappa was not liable since his use of land was lawful

b)    Veerappa’s farm being at a reasonable distance from the railway track,    he cannot be held responsible for the high winds

c)    Veerappa should have anticipated the possibility and hence he is liable     for contributory negligence

d)    None of the above.


81. PRINCIPLE: A person is entitled to protect his property by using lawful means.


FACTS: Ramlal is growing valuable vegetables and fruits in his farm and he has fenced the farm to prevent the cattle from entering into it. In addition he has kept a ferocious dog to chase away intruding urchins and cattles. Some children were playing in a nearby playground and the ball slipped into the farm. A boy running after the ball came near the fence and shouted for the ball. But when there was no response, he managed to creep into the farm to get the ball. The dog which was surreptitiously waiting attacked the boy and badly mauled him. The boy’s parents filed a suit against Ramlal.


a)    Ramlal is not liable, since the fence and the dog are lawful means of       protecting the property

b)    Ramlal is not liable for the boy trespassing and getting badly injured in   that process

c)    Ramlal is liable, since an ordinary barking dog would have sufficed for      the purpose

d)    None of the above.

82. PRINCIPLE: A person who commits an unlawful act towards another which can be imputed to him, must repair the damage which the other person suffers as a consequence thereof.


FACTS: Mr. Rajender Singh was riding his scooter on the right side of the road which is illegal as per the Traffic Rules. Mr. Rajesh Chawla was driving his car in the opposite direction. The two vehicles collided and resulted in loss of Rs. 50,000 to Mr. Rajender Singh. This includes his medical expenses and damage to the scooter. In this accident there is no fault on the part of Mr. Rajesh Chawla.


a)   Mr. Rajender Singh will not get any amount as damages

b)   Mr. Rajender Singh will get full compensation

c)   Mr. Rajender Singh will get part of compensation

d)   None of the above.


83. PRINCIPLE: When there is breach of contract, the resulting damages will have to be paid by the party breaching the contract to the aggrieved party. However, the parties are free to agree as to damages payable in advance in case there is breach of contract.


FACTS: Mr. Ramesh entered into a contract with Mr. Ramakrishna for selling his green Alto Car for Rs. 3 lakhs. Mr. Ramakrishna was to pay Rs. 3 lakhs on or before 25th April, 2005 and take possession of the car. The party failing to honour the contract has to pay Rs. 40,000 as damages to the other party. Mr. Ramakrishna has not performed his part of the contract. Mr. Ramesh is claiming Rs. 40,000.


a)    Mr. Ramesh can sell the car in the second hand market and if he suffers any loss, then only he can claim that amount from Mr. Ramakrishna

b)    Mr. Ramakrishna is liable to pay the agreed damages

c)    Mr. Ramesh has to prove that he has suffered Rs. 40,000 as damages to     get it

d)    None of the above.


84. PRINCIPLE: Eveiy person has a right of self-defence, if his life is under imminent threat.


FACTS: Mr. Prashanth threatens Mr. Krishna that he will kill Mr. Krishna. After saying so, Mr. Prashanth goes to his house saying that he would get his axe

a)   Mr. Krishna will have to run away

b)   Mr. Krishna will have to go to the Police Station and file a complaint

c)   Mr. Krishna cannot exercise the right of self-defence

d)   None of the above


85. PRINCIPLE: Whoever does any act so rashly or negligently as to endanger human life or the personal safety of others is said to have committed an offence.


FACTS: Mr. Mangeskar owns a Yamaha motorcycle which has very good pick up and speed. He is studying in the IV semester of Mechanical Engineering degree course. One day it was getting late for the college as he woke up late in the morning. He got ready and was rushing to the college so that he would not miss the class. He was riding the motor cycle at a speed of 140-km per hour in Bangalore city which was crowded. He was very good in riding the motorcycle. People who were using the road got annoyed/scared with the way Mr. Mangeskar was riding the motorcycle.


a)    Mr. Mangeskar has committed an act of rash and negligent driving

b)    Mr. Mangeskar is very good in driving, so there is no need for others to    be panicky about his driving

c)    Mr. Mangeskar is very studious student and he does not want to miss     any class in the College

d)    None of the above.


86. PRINCIPLE: When two or more persons agree to do an illegal act, it is criminal conspiracy punishable with imprisonment.


FACTS: Mr. Bharath is a student of B.E. in Computer Science. He loves his computer very much. He considers his computer as his close friend and companion. On 1-4-2006, while interacting with his computer, he hacked into the Bank account of Mr. Javed and was successful in withdrawing money from Mr. Javed’s bank account. He did it to please his girl friend.


a)   Mr. Bharath has committed an offence

b)   Mr. Bharath has committed a cyber¬crime

c)   Mr. Bharath has not committed the offence of criminal conspiracy

d)   None of the above.


87. PRINCIPLE: Contractual liability is completely irrelevant to the existence of liability in tort (civil wrong).


FACTS: X purchased a bottle of ginger- beer from a retailer. As she consumed more than 3/4 of the contents of the bottle, she found a decomposed remains of a snail in the bottle. After seeing the remains of a snail, she fell sick on the

thought of what she consumed. She sued the manufacturer of the beer for negligence, though there is no contractual duty on the part of the manufacturer.


a)    X cannot sue the manufacturer for negligence in the absence of a    contract

b)    X cannot sue the retailer

c)     X can sue the manufacturer as he had a duty to take care to see that       bottles did not contain any other substance than the beer and hence        liable to have broken that duty

d)    None of the above.


88. PRINCIPLE: The standard to determine whether a person has been guilty of negligence is the standard of care which, in the given circumstances, a reasonable man could have foreseen.


FACTS: The Agricultural University constructed 200 houses for its employees in its premises. Two huge bore wells were sunk and motors were installed. They did not cover the pump rooms properly. A child, 6 years old, from one of the quarters was playing near the pumphouse. On hearing the noise of the pump, she was curious to see the motor. She touched the motor that was not covered properly and three of her fingers were cut.


a)    The parents of the child cannot sue the University on any grounds

b)    Inspite of the child’s act, her parents can successfully sue the University   for damages

c)    The University can be made liable only to the extent of the cost of   treatment as the child also contributed to the incident

d)    None of the above.


89. PRINCIPLE: A person is liable for all the injurious consequences of his careless act.


FACTS: Ram, a snake charmer, was exhibiting his talents to a group of people. One of the snakes escaped and bit a child who had to be hospitalised for two days for treatment.


a)   Ram is liable to compensate the child’s family for his careless act

b)   Ram is not liable to anything as such things keep happening

c)   Ram is not in a position to compensate as he is poor

d)   None of the above.


90. PRINCIPLE: A contingent contract is a contract to do or not to do something, if some event, collateral to such contract, does or does not happen.


FACTS: A agrees to pay B a sum of Rs. 1 lakh if B marries C within a period of six months. B marries C during the seventh month as the marriage hall was available only during that month. B claims Rs. 1 lakh from A.

a)    B can successfully claim Rs. 1 lakh from A

b)    B cannot claim Rs. 1 lakh from A as B married C after the duration set in   the contract

c)    B can claim Rs. 1 lakh as well as special damages from A for having    married C

d)    None of the above.

91. PRINCIPLE: Right to carry on any occupation, trade or business is a Fundamental Right under the Indian Constitution. The State is under an obligation under the Directive Principles of State Policy to organize agriculture and animal .husbandry on scientific lines, and towards that goal, take steps to prohibit cow slaughter.


FACTS: The State of X passed a legislation totally prohibiting cow slaughter. A, a butcher, trading in meat of all animals including cows, challenged this legislation as violating the fundamental right to carry on his business.


a)    The State of X cannot make a law taking away any fundamental right.   Such law is null and void

b)    The State can prohibit cow slaughter to organize animal husbandry on       scientific lines

c)    The right to carry on any occupation, trade or business is subject to      reasonable restrictions. Banning cow- slaughter is such a restriction to     better animal husbandry production and it is within the power of State

d)    None of the above.


92. PRINCIPLE: The Constitution guarantees freedom of religion and expects the citizen to respect national anthem as a fundamental duty.


FACTS: According to the religions tenets of a particular sect, singing the praise of any entity other than God is forbidden. The child, belonging to that sect, refuses to sing national anthem in the course of school assembly, in which every child must compulsorily participate. When the disciplinary action was instituted against the child, the parents challenged the school’s order of singing the national anthem.

a)    The school can take disciplinary action against the child as it is the       fundamental duty to respect national anthem

b)    The fundamental right to freedom of religion cannot be abridged by a     fundamental duty imposed by the State

c)    The girl is free to follow the religion of her choice and follow its rules. It    cannot be said to be disrespect on the part of the girl if she refuse to        sing national anthem

d)    None of the above.


93. PRINCIPLE: All citizens shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression.


FACTS: X, a famous writer and novelist criticized another novelist, B stating that: “The novel of B is foolish, he is a weakman, his novel is indecent, his mind is impure, he is not of a good character, he should write decent and good novel.” Can X be sued for defamation?


a)    He is not liable because he has just expressed his personal views

b)    He is liable to be sued for defamation if his statement, was not true or      said in mala fide intention

c)    He cannot be liable because he has fundamental right to freedom of   speech and expression

d)    He cannot be sued, because both are writer and novelists and both can     criticize each other.


94. PRINCIPLE: A citizen is expected to take reasonable duty of care while driving on the road and not to cause injuries to any person. (Common for Qs. 94, 95 and 96)

FACTS: X, the owner of a car, asked his friend Y to drive the car to his office. As the car was near his (X’s) office, it hit a pedestrian P on account of Y’s negligent driving and injured him seriously. P sued X for damages. Which one of the following is correct?

a)   X is not liable as it was the negligence of Y

b)   The liability was solely of Y as X was not accompanying him

c)   As Y was driving under X’s care and authority, X is liable

d)   X is not liable under the principle of inevitable accident.


95. The standard of care generally used in cases of negligence is the

     a) skill and care of a professional person

     b) care taken by an intelligent and prudent man

     c) foresight of a prudent man

     d) skill and foresight of an ordinary person of prudence and competence.


96.   Two persons are said to be joint tort¬feasors when

        a) a person on account of his negligence gives opportunity to another                for committing a tort

        b) two or more persons are simultaneously involved in committing a                   wrong

        c) a tort is committed by two or more persons or any one of them when       they are engaged in furtherance of a concerted purpose

        d) two persons together commit a tort.


97. PRINCIPLE: The law permits citizens to use force only for protection when necessary against imminent attack. (Common for Qs. 97, 98 and 99)


FACTS: P with the intention of committing theft entered the house of Q. Q, on seeing him entering, struck him with a lathi and P fell down unconscious. Thereafter, Q gave him another blow of lathi on his head which caused, his death. On being prosecuted for murder, Q took the plea of private defense. Which of the following argument is valid?


a)    Since Q was acting in the exercise of right of private defense of his property, he had taken a valid defence

b)     Since in the defence of one’s property one cannot cause death of the   intruder, Q has no defense

c)    Q has used excessive force as once P fell unconscious; there was no      need for the second blow. Hence, Q’s plea of right of private defence     will not succeed

d)    If P committed house breaking in the night, Q has the right to cause death in defense of his property, and thus Q’s plea should prevail.


98.   To whom, among the following, is the right of private defence is        available?

       1. Only to the defender being a preventive right

       2. An aggressor, while facing action on the part of the defender which is        excessive.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


       a) 1 only

        b) 2 only

        c) Both 1 and 2

        d) Neither 1 nor 2.


99.   X’s farm house in outskirts of Delhi was attacked by a gang of armed      robbers. X without informing the police, at first warned the robbers by      firing in the air. As they were fleeing from the farm, he fired and killed         one of them. At the trial

        1. X can avail the right of private defence as he was defending his life                 and  property

        2. X cannot avail the right as he failed to inform the police

        3. X cannot avail the right as he caused more harm than was necessary     to ward off the danger

        4. X can avail of the right as at first he only fires in the air

       a) I and IV

        b) II only

        c) II and III

        d) IV only.


100. PRINCIPLE: Conspiracy is a combination between two or more persons formed for the purpose of doing either an unlawful act or a lawful act by unlawful means.


FACTS: X and Y conspire to poison Z. X in pursuance of the conspiracy procures the poison and delivers it to Y in order that he may administer it to Z. Y in pursuance of the conspiracy administers the poison in the presence of X and thereby causes Z’s death. What offence, if any has been committed by X and Y, respectively? (Common for Qs: 100, 101 and 102)

a) Y has committed the offence of murder and X was an abettor

b) Both X and Y have committed the offence of criminal conspiracy

c) X has committed the offence of murder and Y was an abettor

d) Both X and Y have committed the offence of murder.


101. Suppose X and Y were apprehended by A before administering poison       to Z. What is the offence committed by X and V?

        a) X and Y are not guilty of conspiracy as they did not cause death of Z

        b) Liability of X comes to an end and Y is only liable

        c) As no offence is committed and none of them are responsible

        d) X and Y are to be punished as it is immaterial whether illegal act is                   ultimate object of the agreement or merely incidental to that object.


102. The gist of the offence of criminal conspiracy is

        a) agreement is necessary between two or more persons to do or cause        to be done an illegal act

        b) a legal act by illegal means followed by an overt act to be done or                 cause to be done according to agreement

        c) both (a) and (b)

        d) none of the above.


103. PRINCIPLE: Contributory negligence in an accident is a defence to a charge in criminal law.


FACTS: X, the deceased was negligently crossing the busy road at Connaught Place in Delhi while Y’s car hit him resulting in death of X. What is the liability of Y?

a)    Y is liable for death of X

b)    Y is partly liable as X contributed to his own death

c)    Y is absolved from liability based on the principle of contributory     negligence

d)    None of the above.


104. PRINCIPLE: A contract without consideration is void. When at the desire of one party the other party does something, the consideration is said to flow from the latter to the former.

FACTS: A’s house was on fire and a child was trapped inside the house. Everyone was shouting for help. A brave onlooker, hearing the shrieks of child, went inside the house and brought him out. The father of the child promised to pay the rescuer Rs. 10,000. Subsequently, he backtracked his promise. The rescuer sued the promise for the breach.


a)   The father of the child must pay for the service rendered by the rescuer

b)   The rescuer is not entitled to the payment, since he acted on his own

c)   Commercial considerations cannot be applied to humanitarian instincts

d)   None of the above.


105. PRINCIPLE: A contract procured by coercion is bad under Indian Contract Act. Coercion is defined as committing or threatening to commit any act forbidden by Indian Penal Code. Attempt to commit suicide is an offence under India Penal Code.


FACTS: A wanted his wife B to part with some landed property given to her by her father. B resisted fearing that her husband would squander it away. A threatened her that if she does not sign the deed transferring the property to him (i.e., A), he would commit suicide. B signed the deed. Subsequently, she challenged the deed on the ground that the deed was bad under law.


a)    The deed is valid under the law

b)    The transfer of property is complete once the deed is entered between     the owner of the property and the buyer

c)    The deed is not valid as it was signed under the threat of suicide by her   husband which amounts to coercion and vitiates the contract

d)    Husband has a right over the property of the wife that was voluntarily        transferred to the buyer.



Direction: Find out the missing word.


106. Carpet: Floor :: ? : Wall

        a) Wall paper

        b) Wall hanging

        c) Scenery

        d) Oil painting.


107. Kaziranga : Rhino :: ? : Lion

        a) Corbett

        b) Kanha

        c) Gir

        d) Sunderbans.


Direction: Find out that word/number.


108. AOP, CQR, EST, GUV, ?

        a) IYZ

        b) HWX

        c) IWX

        d) JWX.


109. 6, 11, 21, 36, 56, ?

        a) 66

        b) 76

        c) 81

        d) 86.

110. A father is now three times as old as his son. Five years back, he was four times as old as his son. The age of the son is

        a) 12

        b) 15

        c) 18

        d) 20.


111. A bus for Delhi leaves every thirty minutes from a bus stand. An enquiry clerk told a passenger that the bus had already left ten minutes    ago and the next bus will leave at 9.35 a.m. At what time did the enquiry clerk give this information to the passenger?

        a) 9.10 a.m.

        b) 8.55 a.m.

        c) 9.08 a.m.

        d) 9.15 a.m.


112. Soaking dried beans overnight before cooking them reduces cooking      time. However, cooking without pre-soaking yields plumper beans.        Therefore, when a bean dish’s quality is more important than the need      to cook that dish quickly, beans should not be pre-soaked.

        Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument?        a) Plumper beans enhance the quality of a dish

        b) There are no dishes whose quality improves with faster cooking

        c) A dish’s appearance is as important as its taste

        d) None of the other ingredients in the dish need to be pre-soaked.


113. Everyone in Biba’s neighbourhood is permitted to swim at Barton Pool        at some time during each day that it is open. No children under the age       of 6 are permitted to swim at Barton Pool between noon and 5 P.M. From 5 P.M. until closing, Barton Pool is reserved for adults only.

        If all the sentences above are true, then which one of the following    must be true?

        a) Few children under the age of 6 live in Biba’s neighbourhood

        b) If Biba’s next door neighbour has a child under the age of 6, then             Barton Pool is open before noon

        c) If most children who swim in Barton Pool swim in the afternoon, then     the pool is generally less crowded after 5 P.M.

        d) On days when Barton Pool is open, at least some children swim there      in the afternoon.


Direction: Find out the missing alphabet/ number.


114. D, H, L, R, ?

        a) T

        b) X

        c) I

        d) O.


115. 3, 7, 15, 31, 63, ?

        a) 92

        b) 115

        c) 127

        d) 131.


116. If SIR is written as PSPIPR, then MAN can be written as

        a) PMANP

        b) PMPAPN

        c) MANP

        d) MPANP.


117. In a certain code language, 35796 is written as 44887. How is 46823      written in that code?

        a) 57914

        b) 55914

        c) 55934

        d) 55714.


118. If day before yesterday was Tuesday, the day after tomorrow will be

        a) Monday

        b) Wednesday

        c) Friday

        d) Saturday.


119. Ram is facing North-West. He turns in clockwise direction by 90°, then     180° in the anti-clockwise direction and then another 90° in the same    direction. Which direction is he facing now?

        a) South-West

        b) West

        c) South

        d) South-East.


120. One morning after sunrise, Vikram and Shailesh were standing in a lawn   with their backs towards each other, Vikram’s shadow fell exactly   towards left hand side. Which direction was Shailesh facing?

        a) East

        b) West

        c) North

        d) South.


121. Zack’s Coffeehouse schedules free poetry readings almost every    Wednesday. Zack’s offers half-priced coffee all day on every day that a      poetry reading is scheduled.

        Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the information       above?

        a) Wednesday is the most common day on which Zack’s offers half-               priced coffee all day

        b) Most free poetry readings given at Zack’s are scheduled for                       Wednesdays

        c) Free poetry readings are scheduled on almost every day that Zack’s          offers half-priced coffee all day

        d) Zack’s offers half-priced coffee all day on most if not all Wednesdays.


122. If it is true that neither Rama is a brother of Krishna, nor is he a       lecturer, then which of the following statements is true?

        a) Rama is not a brother of Krishna, but he is a lecturer

        b) Rama is a brother of Krishna, but he is not a lecturer

        c) Rama is a brother of Krishna and he is a lecturer

        d) Rama is not a brother of Krishna and he is not a lecturer.


123. “Make hay while the sun shines” is logically similar to

        a) Sleep when you are tired

        b) Take the bull by horn

        c) Losing hope of everything

        d) None of the above.

124. The Constitution has given the right of free speech. People speak freely in order to enjoy this right. Which of the following has the same logic?

        a) Smuggling is illegal. People indulge in smuggling because they want     to violate laws

        b) People have the right to live, but they die, since they do not want to     exercise that right

        c) Wealth gives power to enjoy material things. People enjoy these             things by spending their wealth

        d) All of the above.


125. Literature is the mirror in which the society can see itself. The above      statement implies that

        a) no ugly society can produce good literature

        b) writers are essentially like newspaper correspondents, reporting                   faithfully what they are observing

        c) literature enables the people to comprehend the dimensions which                they are unaware of

        d) none of the above.


126. It is time that begging must be forbidden in all public places in India.                Exploitation of charitable instincts in general, far from solving the problem of poverty, may infact aggravate it by inducing laziness. Which      of the following, if true, would support the above reasoning?

        a) Destitution is the result of unwillingness to work

        b) Most beggars are really poor

        c) All poor people do not beg

        d) None of the above.



127. Child labour is only a reflection of the malaise in the society.

        Which of the following, supports the above statement?

        a) Child labour is not abhorred by the public

        b) The Government is not serious about eliminating child labour

        c) Exploitation of the poor, weak and unorganized is not uncommon

        d) All of the above.


128. If it is true that ‘good governance ensures law and order’, then identify        the statement which has to be accepted along with the given statement.

        a) A healthy society is governed by maximum number of laws

        b) A strong government uses force to enforce law

        c) Law is indispensible for the society

        d) All of the above.


129. If it is true that ‘very rarely do we come across committed film        directors’, which one of the following is false beyond doubt?

        a) We can never come across committed film directors

        b) No film director is committed

        c) All film directors are committed, but we can never meet them

        d) None of the above.


130. If it is true that all men are honest and all politicians are men. For    which among the following is it impossible to follow from the given premises?

        a) Some politicians are not honest

        b) All politicians are honest

        c) One politician is honest

        d) All honest persons are politicians.


131. Consider a set of premises like this: if science and religion clash, then

        critical thinking and dogma will clash. Dogma is not acceptable and        hence religion. But critical thinking shakes the foundation of morality.

        Identify the conclusion which follows from the premises.

        a) If science is not accepted, then the foundations of morality are not                  shaken

        b) If foundations of morality are shaken, then science is acceptable

        c) If science is accepted, then foundations of morality are shaken

        d) Though science is accepted, it cannot shake the foundation of                       morality.


132. If Ramesh likes oranges more than grapes, strawberries more than   apples, and apples more than oranges, then which one of the following        is not true?

        a) He likes grapes more than strawberries

        b) He likes strawberries more than grapes

        c) He likes apples more than grapes

        d) He likes strawberries more than apples.


133. “Justice should not only be done, but seen to have been done”. The      statement intends to convey the message that

        a) Court proceedings must be open to public

        b) Public participation in judicial decision making is essential for timely     justice

        c) Court proceedings must be fair and judgments should be based on             legal reasoning

        d) All court cases must be publicizes and reported to the public in their        own language.


134. Yoga has become a very popular type of exercise, but it may not be for       everyone. Before you sign yourself up for a yoga class, you need to        examine what is it you want from your fitness routine. If you’re looking     for a high-energy, fast-paced aerobic workout, a yoga class might not       be your best choice.

        This paragraph best supports the statement that


        a) Yoga is more popular than high- impact aerobics

        b) Before embarking on a new exercise regimen, you should think about       your needs and desires

        c) Yoga is changing the world of fitness in major ways

        d) Most people think that yoga isn’t a rigorous form of exercise.


135. Which one of the following, even if true, can be empirically tested?

        a) Violence is engineered by power- hungry politicians

        b) Only poor are driven to violence

        c) Faith in God alone can contain violence

        d) Instinct to preserve one’s own self is at the root of violence.


136. Which one of the following, whether true or false, is irrelevant to the      issue?

        a) Also, violence is due to the fact there is a tendency in man to enjoy                    when somebody suffers

        b) Violence is commonplace in the world because men hardly learn                 philosophy

        c) Violence is the overt manifestation of covert desire to. be                                  adventurous

        d) Violence is the result of man’s tendency to assert himself.


137. Which one of the following makes the argument self-contradictory?

        a) The soul has finite existence

        b) Whatever is corruptible is soluble

        c) What is spatial is material

        d) Motion is not a reality.


138. Before Robert Norman worked on ‘Dip and Field Concept’, his    predecessor thought that the tendency of the magnetic needle to swing towards the poles was due to a point attractive. However, Norman showed with the help of experiment that nothing like point attractive         exists. Instead, he argued that magnetic power lies in lodestone.

        Which one of the following is the problem on which Norman and others worked?

        a) Existence of point attractive

        b) Magnetic power in lodestone

        c) Magnetic power in needle

        d) Swinging of magnetic needle.


139. In his study of conduction of heat, James Maxwell observed that quantities which are significant in such a study are ‘temperature, flow of       heat and conductivity’. Further, he noticed that the mathematical laws      of the uniform motion of heat in homogenous media are identical in     form with those of attractions varying inversely as the square of the     distance. He thought source of heat, flow of heat and temperature correspond respectively to centre of attraction, accelerating effect of       attraction and potential. On this ground, Maxwell observed that         conduction of heat proceeds by an action between contiguous parts of a       medium.

        Which one of the following best explains Maxwell’s method?

        a) Mathematical calculation

        b) Analogy

        c) Observation

        d) Experiment.


140. Henry Poincare argued that in space there are not only rectilinear

        triangles in which angles equal to two right angles, but also curvilinear triangles in which angles are less than two right angles. He, further, maintained that to name the first one straight is to subscribe to    Euclidean geometry and to name the latter straight is tantamount to         subscribing to non- Euclidean system.

        Which one of the following accurately represents what is at stake?

        a) Acceptability of Euclidean system

        b) Acceptability of Non-Euclidean system

        c) Confusion in Geometry

        d) Choice of the definition of straight angle.




141. Kirti took loan of Rs. 800 at the rate of 11% per year for 7 months.   After seven months she has to pay

        a) Rs. 851

        b) Rs. 852

        c) Rs. 950

        d) Rs. 951.


142. 16 men can do a piece of work in 16 days. 4 days after they started the      work, 8 more men joined them. How many days will they now take to     complete the remaining work?

        a) 10 days

        b) 6 days

        c) 8 days

        d) 12 days.


143. The number of the members of a club is increased by 10% every year.     If the initial number of the members is 500, then what will be the   number at the beginning of the third year?

        a) 610

        b) 615

        c) 620

        d) 605.


144. A student rides a bicycle at 8 kms/hr and reaches the school 2.5        minutes late. The next day he increases the speed to 10 kms/hr and    reaches school 5 minutes early. How far is the school from his house?

        a) 4 kms

        b) 8 kms

        c) 5 kms

        d) 10 kms.


145. Rs. 324 is divided among three friends Sonu, Monu and Hari in the ratio        5:6:7. What is Monu’s share of money?

        a) 68

        b) 108

        c) 60

        d) 120.


146. In an examination, every candidate took either Physics or Mathematics   or both. 84% of the candidates took Physics and candidates who took    Mathematics were half of those who took Physics. The total number of         candidates being 1000, how many took both Physics and Mathematics?

        a) 200

        b) 240

        c) 250

        d) 260.


147. A company declares a dividend of 12% on Rs. 100 shares? A housewife        buys such shares and gets 15% on her investment. At what price she      bought the shares?

        a) Rs. 80

        b) Rs. 85

        c) Rs. 125

        d) Rs. 76.


148. The price of an article is cut by 10%. To restore it to the original value,    the new price must be increased by

        a) 10%

        b) 9 ¹̷₁₁%

        c) 11%

        d) 11¹̷%


149. A shopkeeper mixes two varieties of Tea, one costing Rs. 40/kg and another Rs. 50/ kg in the ratio 3 : 2. If he sells the mixed variety of Tea at Rs. 48/kg, his gain or loss per cent is

        a) 48.4% gain

        b) 48.4% loss

        c) 10% gain

        d) 10% loss.


150. The value of a car depreciates every year at the rate of 10% on its   value at the beginning of the year. If the present value of the car is Rs.         52,488, its worth four years ago was

        a) Rs. 68,232

        b) Rs. 68,234

        c) Rs. 69,862

        d) Rs. 80,000